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The King of Rock-essence Tea,”Wuyi Da Hong Pao”
2017-01-12
       Although I admire Wuyi Rock-essence tea for a long time, I haven’t had a chance to take a serious look about it. After one of my friend knew about it and he laughed “it is easy, you don’t have to leave Beijing, I can take you to a place to taste the real rock tea. ”  
      I follow my friend to a tea store, the store’s sign says Da Hong Pao which is conspicuous on the front door. My friend said ”Here we are.”
       The store owner named Zhang, about 30 years old, with a kind smile lead us to the tea room. He had spoken a Fujian-mandarin accent. He had heard that we are especially to visit Wuyi tea Da Hong Pao, very warmly greeting we sit down. Then, he was making the tea for us and telling us the story of Da Hong Pao.
      Dahongpao is fujian wuyi rock tea, among the top of the rock tea five famous plexus, "the king of rock tea. For hundreds of years, famous poets have left many praise of the beautiful poem of wuyi rock tea. Fan zhongyan "fight song flying" said: "the crook, nameplates, crown, wuyi fairy from ancient plant." Compared the wuyi rock tea to tea. Earlier, wuyi dahongpao tea tree had seen only in three places: one in heavenly heart YanJiuLong nest, annual output of less than a jin; A day in the rock, annual output of about a dozen two years; A at the bead curtain hole, annual output of one and half a jin (see "Jiang Shuna travel notes") in 1921, now only nest, Kowloon.
     There are many saying of how Da Hong Pao’s name came from. 
     Kowloon only left.the existing 6 tea tree, can be identified as three different varieties: two mature earlier, on May 6, picking; May 10, two mature middle and harvest; On May 16, two mature, the latest harvest is still tender. Three varieties are grown in the same piece of the cliffs, natural condition is the same, but the leaf and rock rhyme each are not identical, baked out of tea color, flavor, shape also have obvious difference. Because dahongpao tea tree grows on a cliff,  Legend has it the old tea plucking, monks by dangling the carrot of wild fruit breeding monkey in the mountain. Only later carved out a gap from the cliff, the rack hanging ladder, tea can barely go up. After picking, hanging ladder immediately removed, and there is day and night care. Because of its national treasure!
      Kowloon only left.the existing 6 tea tree, can be identified as three different varieties: two mature earlier, on May 6, picking the tea; May 10, two mature middle can harvest; On May 16, two mature, the latest harvest is still tender. Three varieties are grown in the same piece of the cliffs, natural condition is the same, but the leaf and rock rhyme each are not identical, baked out of tea color, flavor, shape also have obvious difference. Because dahongpao tea tree grows on a cliff. Legend has it the old tea plucking, monks by dangling the carrot of wild fruit breeding monkey in the mountain. Only later carved out a gap from the cliff, the rack hanging ladder, tea can barely go up. After picking, hanging ladder was immediately removed, and there is a person guard the trees day and night. Because of its national treasure!
      Among the more common legend: A boy named Harry with mother walked along the Wuyi mountain, and lives in Yongle temple next to Tianxin rock. The mother went on the restroom for many times on one night. Then the monk knew about it and gave the mother some tea to take in. Then the mother was healed. Harry was grateful, then asked the old monk: "the tea’s name?" The old monk saw that Harry was wearing bright red robe, then replied: "this is a Do Hong Pao(Red Rope) tea." Harry a listen to, simply astounding, "fine! Deserves to be the top grade of tea!" "Dahongpao" got it’s the name. There are also many legends, mostly related to healing. Whether the legend is exaggerated or fiction, Dahongpao health care function is not in question. Because of Wuyi rock tea was picking fresh leaf is mature, its contain caffeine, phenol content, amino acid, etc., are higher than the buds and the mature leaves. Coupled with its special conditions and unique production process, the nutritional value and pharmacological compounds are high.
       For a long time, people can only view the shape of Da Hong Pao, but difficult to taste the flavor. Production is extremely low, the precious Dahongpao obviously can't adapt to the new era of the demand of people's lives. In recent years, Wuyi dahongpao trees for cut ear plug, asexual reproduction seedling was success. Small batch production began in 1985. In 1994 by the provincial science and technology commission experts identified that asexual reproduction of a new generation of Dahongpao, keep the good features of the original tree, it may be said "The new, the better."
       We all enjoyed the story. “Try Dahongpao please." The master poured ready-made hot Dahongpao tea into a few cups in the size of a small handle less wine cup, placed in front of us. I took the cup, I saw the tea’s color was yellow but a little bit red, like the amber light. Indeed as expected mellow aromas, and smells good. Master says proudly: "the tea’s green leaves had red edge; the good smell will last for a long time. And this is the true meaning of" rock rhyme."

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